Walking the Beat The Night Watch
By the 1200s, law enforcement in English cities and towns has grown to incorporate the use of bailiffs or, essentially, night watchmen. The men of the town
take turns patrolling the streets at night, awakening the sleeping population if fire breaks out or they spot a thief in action. Criminals apprehended during the
bailiff's shift are turned over to the constable for trial the next day. In 1285, the Statute of Winchester mandates the implementation of both a day ward and a night
watch system. Among other requirements, citizens are commanded to keep weapons in their homes in order to answer the call to arms.